Northern Lights Now – SWPC has posted a G1 storm watch for January 24. Active space weather could make for an aurora display starting on the 23rd as high speed winds from a coronal hole buffet Earth’s magnetosphere.
The northern hemisphere coronal hole was directed towards Earth on January 21 as shown below in an image from the SDO satellite. Coronal holes emit higher solar wind speeds and it takes 2-4 days for those winds to arrive at Earth.
The timing of this storm is expected to be at the beginning of the UTC on the 24th. For people in the UK, the storm should start around midnight and go into the wee hours. For north american hunters, it should start just after Sunset. These forecasts can be off by as much as 6 hours. If the wind speed is higher than expected, the storm will start earlier as the wind arrives sooner (but the show should be better)
Here is the official graphic from SWPC (Space Weather Prediction Center)
Northern Lights Now – SWPC has posted a G2 storm watch for potential aurora on September 11 with follow-on activity on Sept 12 that may reach G1 storm levels. The image below shows the periods of time to expect the strongest activity. The Red areas should have G2 storming while the orange areas are predicted to have G1 storming.
This activity is the result of high speed wind from the second of a pair of coronal holes providing a 1-2 punch. Solar wind speeds reached speeds of 515km/s in the first stream, but the magnetic structure was not favorable to northern lights activity. The second stream, which is already buffeting Earth with wind speeds over 550 km/s is oriented more favorably. Boulder has already registered three periods of G1 storming.
Northern Lights Now – A pair of coronal holes are increasing the chances for aurora early this season. These coronal holes will bring high speed solar wind and the potential for aurora. Stay tuned
The two coronal holes in this image will give earth a 1-2 punch between Sept 6 and 13. Both holes (the dark areas in the image) are located close to the equator which means their wind streams are likely to impact Earth
So far, based on STEREO-A data, it looks like the second storm may pack a stronger punch.