Category Archives: Alerts

G1 Storm Watch Posted For Possible Aurora Jan 24

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Northern Lights Now – SWPC has posted a G1 storm watch for January 24. Active space weather could make for an aurora display starting on the 23rd as high speed winds from a coronal hole buffet Earth’s magnetosphere.

The northern hemisphere coronal hole was directed towards Earth on January 21 as shown below in an image from the SDO satellite. Coronal holes emit higher solar wind speeds and it takes 2-4 days for those winds to arrive at Earth.

The dark area is a coronal hole in this image from SDO in AIA 193
The dark area is a coronal hole in this image from SDO in AIA 193

The timing of this storm is expected to be at the beginning of the UTC on the 24th. For people in the UK, the storm should start around midnight and go into the wee hours. For north american hunters, it should start just after Sunset. These forecasts can be off by as much as 6 hours. If the wind speed is higher than expected, the storm will start earlier as the wind arrives sooner (but the show should be better)

NLN Clock shows the storm arriving just after midnight UTC on the 24th
NLN Clock shows the storm arriving just after midnight UTC on the 24th

Here is the official graphic from SWPC (Space Weather Prediction Center)

SWPC notification timeline showing storm watch
SWPC notification timeline showing storm watch

January 2019 Super Blood Wolf Moon Eclipse Expected

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Northern Lights Now – On the night of January 20-21 sky watchers anywhere in the Americas and Western/Northern Europe are in for a treat as they have an opportunity to watch a full lunar eclipse. Weather permitting, viewers should be able to see the moon slowly edge into the Earth’s shadow, then turn red as it enters an hour long phase of full eclipse.

This eclipse also aligns with a super moon. That means the Moon is closer than normal or “at perigee.” The Moon has an elliptical orbit, so there are times when it is closer and and times when it is farther from Earth. Occasionally perigee aligns with a full moon or a new moon, when it does, the full moon is labeled “Super.”

Tides are higher and lower than normal during perigee because the Moon is closer and exerts more gravitational force on the oceans. Tides are also higher (and lower) during full moons because the gravity of the Earth and Sun pull together. When these align, as they will be this weekend, it is called a King tide.

You may also see this full moon referred to as a Wolf Blood Moon. Each of the full moons throughout the year are given names. The January full Moon is often referred to as the Wolf Moon. It’s easy to imagine wolves howling at the moon in the dead of winter when clear dry air will make their howls carry farther.

Why does the Blood Moon Turn Red?

Great Question – once the moon is fully in the shadow of the Earth, the only light reflecting off the Moon has been refracted through the edges of the Earths Atmosphere. The atmosphere filters out most other wavelengths or colors of light. Red is the majority of the light that reaches the Moon and reflects back, so the eclipsed Moon will look Red (or Pink, or Orange). This is actually the same process that makes sunsets look red on Earth. In fact, you can imagine that if you were standing on the Moon during a lunar eclipse, the sun would “set” behind the Earth, then you would see a ring of sunset that is mostly red from every part of the horizon of Earth. Yep – Cool!

Why does it always seem like an eclipse happens during a full moon?

Because it does! The only time the Moon can fall into the shadow behind the Earth is when it is exactly opposite the Sun. That can only happen during a full Moon because the Moon is full when it is opposite the Sun. Similarly, Solar eclipses can only happen during new moons, when the moon is directly between the Sun and the Earth. In a solar eclipse, the Moon casts it’s shadow on a portion of Earth. If you are in that shadow, you see a full eclipse.

It’s actually slightly more likely you will see an eclipse if it falls during perigee. During perigee, the Earths shadow is slightly bigger at the Moon. That makes for a longer transit, and more of the Earth will be in a position to see the Moon completely eclipse.

Happy Hunting!

G2 Storm Watch posted for Sept 11

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Northern Lights Now – SWPC has posted a G2 storm watch for potential aurora on September 11 with follow-on activity on Sept 12 that may reach G1 storm levels. The image below shows the periods of time to expect the strongest activity. The Red areas should have G2 storming while the orange areas are predicted to have G1 storming.

NLN AuroraCast shows 4 periods over the next two days of G1 or higher activity
NLN AuroraCast shows 4 periods over the next two days of G1 or higher activity

This activity is the result of high speed wind from the second of a pair of coronal holes providing a 1-2 punch. Solar wind speeds reached speeds of 515km/s in the first stream, but the magnetic structure was not favorable to northern lights activity. The second stream, which is already buffeting Earth with wind speeds over 550 km/s is oriented more favorably. Boulder has already registered three periods of G1 storming.

G1 storming has already been recorded at Boulder
G1 storming has already been recorded at Boulder

Happy Hunting